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The study of these civilizations will include the impact of geography, early history, cultural development, and economic change. The geographic focus will include the study of physical and political features, economic development and resources, and migration patterns.


What is History? History is an account of the past.

  • Accounts/narratives differ depending on one’s perspective.

  • We rely on evidence to construct our accounts of the past.

  • We must question the reliability of each piece of evidence.

  • Any single piece of evidence is insufficient.

  • We must consult multiple pieces of evidence in order to build a plausible account. 

Sixth Grade



Sixth grade students will study the beginning of early civilizations through the fall of the Roman Empire. Students will study the geographical, social, economic, and political foundations for early civilizations progressing through the Roman Empire. They will analyze the shift from nomadic societies to agricultural societies. Students will study the development of civilizations, including the areas of Mesopotamia, Egypt, India, China, Ancient Israel, Greece, and Rome.  


Image: The royal family: Akhenaten, Nefertiti and their children, photograph by Gerbil from de.wikipedia

Seventh Grade



Seventh grade students will explore the social, cultural, geographical, political and technological changes that occurred after the fall of the Roman Empire and in Medieval Europe. Students will also study the period from the fifteenth to the eighteenth century, including the Islamic world, Africa, China, and Japan, but with a heavier emphasis on western civilization in Europe during the Renaissance and Reformation. Students will compare and contrast the history and geography of civilizations that were developing concurrently throughout these continents during medieval times.


Image:  Relief from the Tomb of Riccardo Gattola, by Paolo da Gualdo Cattaneo, 1417, [Public domain] via Wikimedia Commons


Eight Grade



Eighth grade students will study the European exploration of North America, along with the geographic features that influenced early settlements and colonies. This course will emphasize the development and maturation of the British colonies, and the political, cultural, and economic influences that led to the American Revolution. The major events and outcomes of the American Revolution will be analyzed, along with the individuals that played influential roles in the development of the new nation.


Image:  Civil War Monument in the Boston Common, Boston Public Garden, Beacon, Charles, Boylston, and Arlington Sts. Back Bay, photograph by Eskridgee via Wikimedia Commons






Take time to Tour the World...


Full album & lyrics:

Music by Renald Francoeur, Drawing by Craighton Berman, Video by Don Markus

"Tour the World" is track #1 from Brain Beats 2 - the mnemonic CD that features 13 brilliantly catchy songs to help you remember things you've always wanted to learn, but couldn't.


Find out the System of Government for the countries of the world and their world leaders by going to this amazing interactive world map...


How has the geography of religion evolved over the centuries, and where has it sparked wars?


This History of Religion map gives us a brief history of the world's most well-known religions: Christianity, Islam, Hinduism, Buddhism, and Judaism. Selected periods of inter-religious bloodshed are also highlighted. Want to see 5,000 years of religion in 90 seconds? Ready, Set, Go!









Listen to podcast readings about famous works of art throughout history.

Why is it so important to teach human rights?


  • Try this experiment. Ask five or ten students: “What are human rights?” If they can list any, it might be freedom of speech or belief and perhaps one or two others. You could conduct the same survey on the street to the same result.

  • The point? Very few people know their human rights.

  • Yet we all have 30 rights and freedoms, guaranteed by the Universal Declaration of Human Rights—rights that are ours simply because we are human.

  • That’s the problem on a small scale, but it also reflects the greater situation: that ignorance and lack of respect for human rights extends to the world’s nations.

  • Perhaps that explains why 81 nations the world over restrict freedom of expression.. Why 50% of the world’s nations conduct unfair trials. And why in at least 77 nations, people are not allowed to speak freely. The lists of human rights violations roll on and on.

  • You can help change that. Making human rights a reality everywhere begins with education here and now. Because when people know their rights and freedoms, they can insist on their use and application at all levels of society. And for young men and women starting out in professional careers, these principles can become a beacon to guide them successfully through life. 

Welcome to

The lottery of birth is responsible for much of who we are. If you were not born in the country you were, what would your life be like? Would you be the same person? is your gateway to understanding life outside your home. Use our country comparison tool to compare living conditions in your own country to those of another.

The Five Major Religions...

It's perfectly human to grapple with questions, like 'Where do we come from?' and 'How do I live a life of meaning?' These existential questions are central to the five major world religions -- and that's not all that connects these faiths. John Bellaimey explains the intertwined histories and cultures of Hinduism, Judaism, Buddhism, Christianity and Islam.  Lesson ideas...

Geography's Influence on World History, Society and Human Development...
"Why Study History?"

In which Mr. Corwin defends the subject he holds dear, history.
"Why do I need to know history anyhow"?  See if you can remember the five reasons he gives...

Glencoe Activity Workbook, PDF

Mr. Hughes throws down some basic geography concepts as they relate to society and human development.

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