Ancient Greece, c. 800-300 BC/BCE

 

Students analyze the geographic, political, economic, social, and religious structures of the civilizations of Ancient Greece.

ESSENTIAL QUESTIONS
VOCABULARY

REFLECTION

 

  • Where in Europe is Greece located?

  • How did geography affect its development?

  • What events led to the rise of the Greek empire?

  • What was the importance of a system of democracy in the daily life of the Greeks?

  • What features does ancient Greek democracy share with modern-day democracy?

  • What role did mythology play in the lives of ancient Greek people?

  • What do Greek myths reveal?

  • What did the Ancient Greeks believe/value?

  • How did the Persians cause Greece to change over time?

  • How did Athenian culture contrast Spartan culture?

  • How did Alexander the Great influence the spread of Greek culture into Asia?

  • What is the impact of Greek achievements on art, philosophy, and culture on modern day life in America?

QUOTATIONs

 

‘Do not spoil what you have by desiring what you have not; remember that what you now have was once among the things you only hoped for.’

 

~Epicurus, Greek philosopher, [341- 270 B.C.]

 

“Wise men speak because they have something to say; Fools because they have to say something.”  ~Plato, Ancient Greek Philosopher [428/7 - 348/7 B.C.]

VOCABULARY:

  • Western Civilization

  • monarchy

  • polis

  • acropolis

  • aristocracy

  • oligarchy

  • tyrants

  • democracy

  • alliance

  • tribute

  • legislature

  • jury

  • assassination

  • frescoes

  • assimilation

 

KEY LINKS FOR TEACHING:

 

 

 

ONLINE LESSONS

ONLINE TEXTBOOKs

 

 

ENDURING UNDERSTANDINGS STUDENTS WILL UNDERSTAND:

 

  • Ancient Greece was the cradle of the development of various political systems.

  • Each form of government has advantages and disadvantages.

  • A "golden age" --a time of peace and prosperity--allows a civilization focus or devote attention to developing art, architecture, drama, and philosophy.

  • Fresco style painting was popularized during the Minoan period, and was present throughout Ancient Greece's history.

  • Compare and contrast different city-states (Sparta vs. Athens).

KEY LINKS ON ANCIENT GREECE

 

 

Geography of Ancient Greece

Stratfor discusses the difficulty Greece faces in defending its core territory and in accumulating capital due to its geography.

6.45 On a historical map of the ancient Mediterranean area, locate Greece and trace the boundaries of its influence to 300 BC/BCE. On a contemporary map trace the current boundaries of Greece. Compare and contrast the sphere of influence of Greece in those two different eras.

 

The Acropolis of Ancient Greece

THE ACROPOLIS OF ANCIENT GREECE

The Acropolis is one of the most imposing historical structures in Athens. The word 'Acropolis' is derived from the Greek words 'akron' meaning edge and 'polis' meaning city.  For more information about Acropolis of Athens, go to:http://mocomi.com/acropolis-of-athens/

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The Persian Wars...
6.51 Analyze the causes, course, and consequences of the Persian Wars.

 

Peloponnesian War and Thucydides...

The first example of history writing as we know it rejected the idea that the gods played a part in events, so that we could better understand man’s actions. Watch Macat’s short video for a great introduction to Thucydides’ History of the Peloponnesian War, one of the most important books of political history ever written.

6.52 Analyze the causes, course, and consequences of the Peloponnesian Wars between Athens and Sparta. 

 

Alexander the Great...

Alexander was the son of Macedonian King Phillip II. Since his childhood Homer's heroic poems were favourite books of the heir of throne. And Alexander considered Achilles, the hero of the Trojan War, and mythical athlete Hercules as his idols.
The huge power, which he created, appeared to be unstable and was divided by his military leaders. But the Greek culture distributed in Mesopotamia, Iran, Syria, Judea and Egypt. Alexander the Great from Macedonia brought together the civilizations of Greece and Middle East and started the period known as the Hellenic Age.

6.53 Explain the rise of Alexander the Great and the spread of Greek culture.

 

ESSENTIAL QUESTION: How did Alexander build his empire?

 

 

The Creation of the World - Greek Mythology...

6.56 Compare and contrast the Titans with the Olympian gods and explain the surrounding Greek mythology. 

 
Birth of the Olympics...
6.57 Explain why the city-states of Greece instituted a tradition of athletic competitions and describe the sports they featured.
 
Accomplishments of the Ancient Greeks...

The Western world is built on the wisdom and traditions of the ancient Greeks, who uncovered the fundamental principles that established the basics of modern technology. Explore their contributions to geometry, astronomy, and physics and take a close-up look at how they applied their knowledge: Thales predicted an eclipse, Pythagoras discovered mathematical correlation between a musical instrument's string length and its tone, Archimedes developed laws of mechanics, and a group of 90 priests made well-informed educated guesses about many things.

Hosted by Jack Turner. Published by Discovery Channel, 2008.

What Aristotle and Joshua Bell can Teach Us about Persuasion...

Imagine you are one of the world's greatest violin players, and you decide to conduct an experiment: play inside a subway station and see if anyone stops to appreciate when you are stripped of a concert hall and name recognition. Joshua Bell did this, and Conor Neill channels Aristotle to understand why the context mattered.  Lesson Idea...

6.58 Describe the purposes and functions of the lyceum, the gymnasium, and the Library of Alexandria, and identify the major accomplishments of the ancient Greeks.
 
 
 
ESSENTIAL QUESTION:  How did ancient Greece contribute to the modern world?

 

Music and Creativity in Ancient Greece...

You think you love music? You have nothing on the Ancient Greek obsession. Every aspect of Greek life was punctuated by song: history, poetry, theater, sports and even astronomy. In fact, music was so important to Greek philosopher Plato that he claimed the music we listen to directly affects our ethics. Tim Hansen wonders what Plato might have to say about the music we listen to today.  Lesson ideas...

Ancient Greek Music - Akousate Argos...
6.54 Analyze the causes and effects of the Hellenistic culture of Greece. 
 
ESSENTIAL QUESTION:  What were the major cultural achievements of Athens?
 
Primary Documents and Supporting Texts to Read: excerpts from Homer’s Iliad and the Odyssey; excerpts from Pericles’ Funeral Oration; excerpts from Alexander by Plutarch; excerpts from Aesop’s Fables (or the Aesopica); excerpts from Aristotle’s The Athenian Constitution; excerpts from The Battle of Marathon; excerpts from Everyday Life in Ancient Greece (4th Century BC)
 
Ancient Greeks: The Revolution of Democracy (History Channel Documentary)

As Athenian democracy progressed, it became embroiled in the clash of new ideas with old beliefs; Athens started to tear itself apart. The story culminates in one of history's greatest paradoxes: the trial of Socrates, who was democratically judged to be executed for speaking his mind.

6.47 Trace the transition from tyranny and oligarchy to early democratic forms of government and back to dictatorship in ancient Greece, including the significance of the development of the idea of citizenship.

 

ESSENTIAL QUESTION:  How did democracy develop in Ancient Greece?

 

Political Ideas in Ancient Greece

PowerPoint
In the year 507 B.C., the Athenian leader Cleisthenes introduced a system of political reforms that he called demokratia, or “rule by the people.”  This system was comprised of three separate institutions: the ekklesia, a sovereign governing body that wrote laws and dictated foreign policy; the boule, a council of representatives from the ten Athenian tribes; and the dikasteria, the popular courts in which citizens argued cases before a group of lottery-selected jurors.   Although this Athenian democracy would survive for only two centuries, Cleisthenes’ invention was one of ancient Greece’s most enduring contributions to the modern world.  Although Athens is remembered for creating the first democracy, it took many years and multiple leaders to develop the system we think of today.  Learn about who took control, what reforms they made and how the people revolted against the old system.

6.48 Explain how the development of democratic political concepts in ancient Greece lead to the origins of direct Democracy and representative Democracy , including:  the “polis” or city-state civic participation and voting rights legislative bodies constitution writing rule of law
 

 

 

Athens vs. Sparta

Ελληνικοί υπότιτλοι ancient civilization ATHENS and Sparta were both Greek cities and their people spoke a common language. In every other respect they were different. Athens rose high from the plain. It was a city exposed to the fresh breezes from the sea, willing to look at the world with the eyes of a happy child. Sparta, on the other hand, was built at the bottom of a deep valley, and used the surrounding mountains as a barrier against foreign thought. Athens was a city of busy trade. Sparta was an armed camp where people were soldiers for the sake of being soldiers. The people of Athens loved to sit in the sun and discuss poetry or listen to the wise words of a philosopher. The Spartans, on the other hand, never wrote a single line that was considered literature, but they knew how to fight, they liked to fight, and they sacrificed all human emotions to their ideal of military preparedness.

6.49 Compare and contrast life in Athens and Sparta.

 

ESSENTIAL QUESTION:  What were the major differences between Athens and Sparta?

 

 

Status of Slaves in Ancient Greece
Status of Women in Ancient Greece
6.50 Compare and contrast the status of women and slaves between Athens and Sparta.

 

 

 

 

  

READINGS
ACTIVITIES

DIGGING UP GREECE

 

Lesson Overview: To teach (or review) the history and geography of ancient Greece. NOTE: This game is multilevel so it can be played by players of diverse ages, abilities and knowledge levels!

 

 

 

 

PERFORM THE "NUTSHELL" HISTORY OF ANCIENT GREECE

Students will use the lyrics of this song to perform in any style they like in costume.  

ADVENTURES IN ANCIENT GREECE

 

Travel back in time to Ancient Greece and see what you can learn!

VIRTUAL FIELDTRIPS

THE BRITISH MUSEUM - ANCIENT GREECE

 

Welcome to the British Museum's web site on ancient Greece. These 'Staff Room' pages have been developed to help teachers get the most out of the web site for themselves and for their class. It is predominantly aimed at schoolchildren aged 9 - 11 and their teachers but we hope that other groups may find it useful too.

WINGED SANDALS

 

Take the tour with Hermes the messenger god, through a magical place filled with awesome gods, daring heroes and fabulous monsters.

ANCIENT GREEK ARTIFACTS TAKE A 360 VIEW

 

Our aim is to build a portal for people interested, students and teachers to visit and discuss relevant issues concerning Ancient Greek Art and Artifacts.

Religion of Ancient Greece...

 

 

6.55 Describe the myths and stories of classical Greece; give examples of Greek gods, goddesses, and heroes (Zeus, Hermes, Aphrodite, Athena, Poseidon, Artemis, Hades, Athena), and events, and where and how we see their names used today.
 
The Greek Gods...
Crash Course:  Homer's The Oddysey...

In which John Green teaches you about Homer's Odyssey. If it was Homer's If Homer was even real. Anyway, that stuff doesn't really matter. John teaches you the classic, by which I mean classical, epic poem, the Odyssey.

Greek Language - Origin, Stages and Development/Mocomi Kids...

A video on one of the oldest languages in the world. Greek is still spoken by nearly 13 million people across the world.

The Library of Alexandria & The Benefits of Hellenization...

Carl Sagan talks about the great library of Alexandria.

The Benefits of Hellenization...The Legacy of the Ancient Greeks

Despite these limitations, the ancient world still amassed enough knowledge to produce many wonders that baffle us even today: temples, palaces, aqueducts, theaters and baths, systems of irrigation, even medicine that did not kill patients (at least in some places). 

Alexandria played a role in all of these fields, dutifully recording the progress of the western world. Yet perhaps the greatest legacies of Alexandria were its philosophers. These philosophers made amazing advances in the fields of mathematics and science. They measured the earth, they came up with models of the universe, and they established many of the rules of mathematics we still use today. All of this progress would have been impossible without reference to centuries of data, collected from points all over the world. That is the wonder of the Library of Alexandria; it collected information from across the known world for hundreds of years. The result was a pool of data to be analyzed and explained by generation after generation of philosophers, mathematicians and astronomers.

HumorousMoments

BBC HORRIBLE HISTORIES THE GROOVY GREEKS

Horrible Histories Historical Greek Thinkers Song

DATABASES

TEL

 

Free Access to great resources for Tennesseans

 

DISCOVERY ATLAS INTERACTIVE MAP

Select a location and experience the culture, government, history and natural of countries around the world.   

 

A MOMENT IN TIME

 

Take a journey around the world today to see "a moment in time"...

 

HISTORY PRIMARY SOURCE READER

 

Excerpts from many of the primary sources highlighted in the Common Core Curriculum.

 

 

FOOD TIMELINE

Food history presents a fascinating buffet of popular lore and contradictory facts.

 

INTERNET ANCIENT HISTORY SOURCEBOOK

 

The Internet Ancient History Sourcebook has expanded greatly since its creation, and now contains hundred of local files as well as links to source texts throughout the net.  

 

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS

 

The Library of Congress is the nation's oldest federal cultural institution and serves as the research arm of Congress. It is also the largest library in the world, with millions of books, recordings, photographs, maps and manuscripts in its collections.

 

WORLD ATLAS

 

Comprehensive facts about regions around the world.

 

WORLDOLOGY

The changing face of Europe over the centuries...

 

BEST HISTORY SITES

 

Comprehensive resources and lesson plans for teaching history.

 

DIGITAL HISTORY

 

Using new technologies to enhance teaching and research.

 

LOC TEACHING WITH PRIMARY SOURCES

 

Use digital historical sources to explore different topics online with fun interactive teacher-created activities. Choose from various activities to get started.

 

SMITHSONIAN ENCYCLOPEDIA

Encyclopedia Smithsonian: Online Resources from A to Z

 

 

 

APPS
WHY LEARN HISTORY?

KIDS DISCOVER APPS

 

Print 28 pages of free lesson plans and activities based on the apps on the CMS LMC iPads.

WHY STUDY CLASSICS?

 

Why Study Classics?  Advantages of Classical Studies

EXPLORING ANCIENT WORLD CULTURES

 

Why Study Ancient World Cultures? An Essay by Bill Hemminger

CONTACTS

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Cleveland, TN  37312

Tel: 423-479-9641
Fax: 423-456-7890

 

Mail: gdyrek@clevelandschools.org

 

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THE NATIONAL ARCHIVES EXPERIENCE DIGITAL VAULTS

 

Use the assets in these collections to create your own poster or movie.

ONLINE TEXTBOOKS

 

Covering Ancient History

TODAY IN HISTORY

 

A chronological timetable of historical events that occurred on this day in history. Historical facts of the day in the areas of military, politics, science, music, sports, arts, entertainment and more. Discover what happened today in history.

iCIVICS

 

Free lesson plans and games for learning Civics.

WHY DO CIVILIZATIONS FAIL?

Why do great civilizations fall? The history of humankind has been marked by patterns of growth and decline. Some declines have been gradual, occurring over centuries. Others have been rapid, occurring over the course of a few years. War, drought, natural disaster, disease, overpopulation, economic disruption: any of these or a combination of these events can bring about the collapse of a civilization.

 

COMMON CORE LITERACY IN SOCIAL STUDIES/HISTORY LESSONS

 

Achieve the CORE by using these lessons to incorporate literacy into your teaching.

PBS NEWS HOUR FOR STUDENTS

 

Current Events explored in-depth with lesson plans.

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