Ancient Israel, c. 2000 BC/BCE-70 AD/CE

 

Students analyze the geographic, political, economic, social, and religious structures of the civilizations of Ancient Israel.

 

INTRODUCTION

The foundations of Western civilization can be traced back more than 2,000 years to the eastern Mediterranean region. There, the ancient Hebrews and Greeks developed many of the ideas and traditions that have shaped the world today.  The Hebrews' religion, Judaism, was based on a belief in one God and basic ideas about right and wrong.  The ancient Hebrews helped shaped the world you live in today.

ESSENTIAL QUESTIONS

REFLECTION

 

  • What was the relevance of the Hebrews being desert nomads?

  • What was the purpose of the ideas and laws behind Judaism?

  • What importance did religion play in the lives of the Jews, even after their exile and captivity?

  • What are the similarities and differences between Judaism and Christianity? 

QUOTATION

 

ON JERUSALEM...

  • "Like a snowy mountain glittering in the sun" -Josephus

  • "By far the most distinguished city not in Judea only, but of the whole Orient." -Pliny

  • "Of the 10 measures of beauty that God hath bestowed upon the world, nine of these fall to the lot of Jerusalem." -The Talmud

  • "Erets Yisrael is the navel of the world, and Jerusalem is its center, and the Bet ha Mikdash is at the center of Jerusalem, and the Holy of Holies is at its center, and the Holy Ark is at the center of the Holy of Holies, and in front of it is the Foundation Stone on which the world was founded." -The Midrash

  • "No people blessed as thine, no city like Jerusalem" -Christian Hymn

  • "One prayer in Jerusalem is worth 40,000 elsewhere." -Islamic Saying

  • "A city, the fame of which has gone out from one end of the world to the other." -The Talmud

VOCABULARY

VOCABULARY:

  • Monotheism

  • Tribe

  • Torah

  • Covenant

  • Alphabet

  • Prophet

  • Empire

  • Tribute

  • Proverb

  • Exile

  • Sabbath

  • Synagogue

  • Diaspora

  • Messiah

  • Rabbi

 

 

ONLINE LESSONS

ENDURING UNDERSTANDINGS STUDENTS WILL UNDERSTAND:

 

The First Monotheistic Religion, Judaism

Students analyze the geographic, political, economic, religious, and social structures of the early civilizations of the Ancient Hebrews. Details may include (bold indicates area of emphasis):

  • the origins and significance of Judaism as the first monotheistic religion based on the concept of one God who sets down moral laws for humanity

  • how the ideas of the Hebrew traditions are reflected in the moral and ethical traditions of Western civilization

  • the significant people who influenced the development of the Jewish religion

  • the location of the settlements and movements of Hebrew peoples, including the Exodu

  • show Judaism has survived and developed despite the continuing dispersion of much of the Jewish population from Jerusalem

  • the origins of Christianity in the Jewish Messianic prophecies,

  • the life and teachings of Jesus of Nazareth as described in the New Testament, and the contribution of St. Paul the Apostle to the definition and spread of Christian beliefs (e.g., belief in the Trinity, resurrection, salvation)

KEY LINKS ON ANCIENT ISRAEL

 

Mediterranean Sea Region...

6.39 On a historical map of the Mediterranean Sea, Jordon River, Sinai Peninsula, locate Asia Minor, the kingdoms of the Hittites and Phoenicians, ancient Israel, and Egypt.

 

Watch above Israel map throughout history.

INTERACTIVE SITES

The Hittite Scribes...

Keeping records and studying history, scribes were some of the most important advisors to the kings.

This video shows Professor Theo van den Hout, Editor of the Chicago Hittite Dictionary, writing a Hittite letter in cuneiform, and W. Raymond Johnson, Field Director of the Oriental Institute's Epigraphic Survey, writing passages from the Egyptian Book of the Dead.  They use rough approximations of the ancient writing tools.
 

Who was Moses?  Discovery Channel

6.40 Examine the development of the ancient Israelites, tracing their migrations from Mesopotamia to Canaan, later called Israel, and explain the significant roles of Abraham and Moses in their history.

 

RESEARCH LINKS

 

TEACHER WEBQUEST ON ANCIENT HEBREWS

The Life of King David and his son Solomon Explained...

The Hittites, Above All Warriors...

Marching hundreds of miles and perfecting the use of battle chariots, the Hittites were warriors, first and foremost.

History of the Phoenicians...

The Phoenicians (1500--300 B.C.)

The Phoenician Alphabet...

The Phoenicians developed the alphabet circa 1400-1250 BC in order to communicate with the diverse cultures and tongues of their maritime trading partners. It was the Phoenician alphabet that was widely received in Greece and throughout the Mediterranean world, as it was only 22 letters based on sound, as opposed to the myriad of symbols in cuneiform and hieroglyphics prevalent at the time. The words phonic and phonetic have the same root as the word Phoenicia.

READ MORE

Virtual Reconstruction of Second Temple at Temple Mount...

6.42 Summarize the four major events after the rule of King Solomon in the history of Israel, including the breakup of the Kingdom of Israel, destruction of the Northern Kingdom, Babylonian captivity under Nebuchadnezzar, and the return of the Jews to their homeland under the Persian Empire.

 

 

THE DIASPORA

The scattering of the Jewish people outside of Israel and Judah is known as the Diaspora [dy-AS-pruh]

6.44 Explain how Judaism survived the expulsion/dispersion of the Jews to other lands (the Diaspora) after the destruction of the second temple in Jerusalem in 70 AD/CE, and the renaming of the country by the Romans.

 

 

6.41 Describe the monotheistic religion of the Israelites, including:
  • the belief in one God (monotheism)
  • ​the Ten Commandments
  • ​the emphasis on individual worth and personal responsibility
  • ​the belief that all people must adhere to the same moral obligations, whether ruler or ruled
  • ​the Torah and the Hebrew Bible as part of the history of early Israel
 

Song:  City of David...The Place Where it all Began...

6.42 Describe the unification of the tribes of Israel under Kings Saul, David, and Solomon, including David’s founding of Jerusalem as his capital city in 1000 BC/BCE and the building of the first temple by Solomon.

 

 

 

"Hanging Gardens of Babylon"...

A documentary about the seven wonders of the ancient world:here are presented the gardens of babylon..an unique beauty lost in time..

6.43 Conduct a short research piece with supporting details of Second Babylonian, Persian, and Median Empires, including Nebuchadnezzar, the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, Cyrus the Great, Darius the Great, and Xerxes.

 

 

 

  

READINGS

CANAAN

AND ANCIENT ISRAEL

The following are activities for children (ages 8-12) to do at home or in the classroom. These can be used in preparation for a gallery visit, after a visit, or even just for fun. Presented by the Penn Museum.

SCROLLS FROM THE DEAD SEA

LOC. The exhibition Scrolls From the Dead Sea: The Ancient Library of Qumran and Modern Scholarship brings before the American people a selection from the scrolls which have been the subject of intense public interest. Over the years questions have been raised about the scrolls' authenticity, about the people who hid them away during the period in which they lived, about the secrets the scrolls might reveal, and about the intentions of the scrolls' custodians in restricting access.

THE ROMANS DESTROY THE TEMPLE AT JERUSALEM, 70 A.D.

 

An eyewitness account of how the Temple in Jerusalem was destroyed for the second time by a Roman assault.  

ACTIVITIES

CANAAN

AND ANCIENT ISRAEL

The following are activities for children (ages 8-12) to do at home or in the classroom. These can be used in preparation for a gallery visit, after a visit, or even just for fun. Presented by the Penn Museum.

 

 

 

 

NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC:  HEROD'S LOST TOMB

Play this game for a free one hour trial!  Explore the wonders of the biblical King Herod`s lost tomb in this stunningly scenic Hidden Object Game!

VIRTUAL FIELDTRIPS

ANCIENT ISRAEL AND PHOENICIA HISTORICAL MAP

 

Select a time period then hover the mouse cursor over the cities on the map for more information about Ancient Israel and Phoenicia.

INTERACTIVE BIBLE TIMELINE - A COMPARISON WITH WORLD EVENTS

 

Bible chronologies compared with other world chronologies.  

HumorousMoment
Primary Documents and Supporting Texts to Read: excerpts from the Tanach, Hebrew Bible, the Torah, and the Dead Sea Scrolls
Though the terms "Bible" and "Old Testament" are commonly used by non-Jews to describe Judaism's scriptures, the appropriate term is "Tanach," which is derived as an acronym from the Hebrew letters of its three components: Torah, Nevi'im and Ketuvim.
 

HISTORY OF ISRAEL IN FIVE MINUTES

Israel and the Middle East seen through a funny animated pseudo-Biblical account

DATABASES
APPS
CONTACTS

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3635 Georgetown Road, NW,

Cleveland, TN  37312

Tel: 423-479-9641
Fax: 423-456-7890

 

Mail: gdyrek@clevelandschools.org

 

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Free Access to great resources for Tennesseans

 

DISCOVERY ATLAS INTERACTIVE MAP

Select a location and experience the culture, government, history and natural of countries around the world.   

 

A MOMENT IN TIME

 

Take a journey around the world today to see "a moment in time"...

 

HISTORY PRIMARY SOURCE READER

 

Excerpts from many of the primary sources highlighted in the Common Core Curriculum.

 

 

FOOD TIMELINE

Food history presents a fascinating buffet of popular lore and contradictory facts.

 

INTERNET ANCIENT HISTORY SOURCEBOOK

 

The Internet Ancient History Sourcebook has expanded greatly since its creation, and now contains hundred of local files as well as links to source texts throughout the net.  

 

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS

 

The Library of Congress is the nation's oldest federal cultural institution and serves as the research arm of Congress. It is also the largest library in the world, with millions of books, recordings, photographs, maps and manuscripts in its collections.

 

WORLD ATLAS

 

Comprehensive facts about regions around the world.

 

WORLDOLOGY

The changing face of Europe over the centuries...

 

BEST HISTORY SITES

 

Comprehensive resources and lesson plans for teaching history.

 

DIGITAL HISTORY

 

Using new technologies to enhance teaching and research.

 

LOC TEACHING WITH PRIMARY SOURCES

 

Use digital historical sources to explore different topics online with fun interactive teacher-created activities. Choose from various activities to get started.

 

SMITHSONIAN ENCYCLOPEDIA

Encyclopedia Smithsonian: Online Resources from A to Z

 

 

 

KIDS DISCOVER APPS

 

Print 28 pages of free lesson plans and activities based on the apps on the CMS LMC iPads.

EXPLORING ANCIENT WORLD CULTURES

 

Why Study Ancient World Cultures? An Essay by Bill Hemminger

WHY STUDY CLASSICS?

 

Why Study Classics?  Advantages of Classical Studies

WHY LEARN HISTORY?

ONLINE TEXTBOOKS

 

Covering Ancient History

THE NATIONAL ARCHIVES EXPERIENCE DIGITAL VAULTS

 

Use the assets in these collections to create your own poster or movie.

TODAY IN HISTORY

 

A chronological timetable of historical events that occurred on this day in history. Historical facts of the day in the areas of military, politics, science, music, sports, arts, entertainment and more. Discover what happened today in history.

iCIVICS

 

Free lesson plans and games for learning Civics.

WHY DO CIVILIZATIONS FAIL?

Why do great civilizations fall? The history of humankind has been marked by patterns of growth and decline. Some declines have been gradual, occurring over centuries. Others have been rapid, occurring over the course of a few years. War, drought, natural disaster, disease, overpopulation, economic disruption: any of these or a combination of these events can bring about the collapse of a civilization.

 

COMMON CORE LITERACY IN SOCIAL STUDIES/HISTORY LESSONS

 

Achieve the CORE by using these lessons to incorporate literacy into your teaching.

PBS NEWS HOUR FOR STUDENTS

 

Current Events explored in-depth with lesson plans.