Ancient Rome, c. 500 BC/BCE-500 AD/CE


Students analyze the geographic, political, economic, social, and religious structures of the civilizations of Ancient Rome.



Historicum Theatrum Christi
Historicum Theatrum Christi

Here for your perusal is an educational map of Theatrum historicum ad annum Christi quadringentesimum. It was created in 1712. Middle East. Dated from other maps in the same atlas. Inset map: "Supplentum Theatro Historico", showing eastern hemisphere. Shows the eastern Roman Empire in 400 A.D. Shows boundaries, forests, settlements.

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Map of Apostles Journeys
Map of Apostles Journeys

A map of the travels and voyages of the apostles in their mission and in particular of Saint Paul. It was created in 1680. Relief shown pictorially. Includes scenes of apostles at bottom of sheet. Attributed to Richard Blome. Scale [ca 1:2,750,000].

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Gauls outside of Rome.
Gauls outside of Rome.

Gaulois en vue de Rome, huile sur toile d'Evariste-Vital Luminais [Nantes, 1822 - Paris, 1896]. Musée des Beaux-Arts de Nancy. By Evariste Vital Luminais [1822-1896]. The Gauls, ancient ancestors of the French, chased the Romans to the gates of their capital.

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Historicum Theatrum Christi
Historicum Theatrum Christi

Here for your perusal is an educational map of Theatrum historicum ad annum Christi quadringentesimum. It was created in 1712. Middle East. Dated from other maps in the same atlas. Inset map: "Supplentum Theatro Historico", showing eastern hemisphere. Shows the eastern Roman Empire in 400 A.D. Shows boundaries, forests, settlements.

press to zoom



  • What were the factors that led to the rise and fall of the Roman Empire?

  • How did the Roman Empire change the way we live today?

  • What affects did the Roman Empire have on different roles in government and religion?

  • How did the geography of Italy and Rome help it to gain control over its neighbors?

  • How did the development of Christianity affect the Roman Empire?



"Most happy is he who is entirely self-reliant, and who centers all his requirements in himself alone."Beatissimus [is est], qui est totus aptus ex sese, quisque in se uno sua ponit omni a." ~ Cicero, Roman Politician, Paradoxa.2


"Nothing is more unpredictable than the mob, nothing more obscure than public opinion, nothing more deceptive than the whole political system."Nihil est incertius volgo, nihil obscurius voluntate hominum, nihil fallacius ratione tota comitiorum." ~Cicero, Roman Politician, Pro Murena 36



  • republic

  • veto

  • magistrate

  • senate

  • patrician

  • plebeian

  • tribune

  • legion

  • triumvirate

  • inflation

  • province

  • tetrarch

  • abdication

  • persecution

  • bishop

  • hierarchy

  • heresy

  • missionary







  • Ancient Rome was built utilizing many cultural influences, and has contributed to "Western Life"

  • Understand the patterns of change in relationships between people and events through time and various interpretations of these relationships

  • Analyze the effects of political conflict and national unity

  • Know how to compare and contrast the Roman Empire vs. The Roman Republic

  • The rise and fall of the empires result from many factors, including religion and economics. 

The Founding of Ancient Rome...

6.60 Explain how the geographical location of ancient Rome contributed to the shaping of Roman society and the expansion of its political power in the Mediterranean region and beyond.


Introduction to Ancient Rome...

6.59 On a historical map, identify ancient Rome and trace the extent of the Roman Empire to 500 AD/CE.





Rome:  Documentary on the Origins of the Roman Empire

Rome : Documentary on the Origins of the Roman Empire.  The broader history of the Roman Empire is the period after the Roman Republic. It extends through 16 centuries and includes several stages in the evolution of the Roman state. It encompasses the period of the ancient Roman Empire, the period in which it was divided into western and eastern halves, and the history of the Eastern Roman or Byzantine Empire that continued through the Middle Ages and to the beginning of the Modern Era.

6.64 Reflect on the impact of the lives of Cleopatra, Marc Anthony, Nero, Diocletian, and Constantine, city of Constantinople on the Roman Empire.




Nero and Constantine...

The Emperors of the early Roman Empire are explored in a Common Core Standards based lesson designed for students. Mr.

6.61 Explain the rise of the Roman Republic and the role of mythical and historical figures in Roman history, including Romulus and Remus, Hannibal and the Carthaginian Wars, Cicero, Julius Caesar, Augustus, Hadrian, Aeneas, and Cincinnatus.



Birth of Christianity

Mankind: The Story of All of Us on The History Channel presents how Christianity was born.

Cleopatra and Rome...

Learn how the death of Julius Caesar 44BCE led to thirteen years of war and ultimately led to the end of the Roman Republic in a Common Core Standards based lesson designed for students. Mr.

6.65 Identify the location of, and the political and geographic reasons for, the growth of Roman territories and expansion of the empire, including how the empire fostered economic growth through the use of currency and trade routes.


The Roman Slave Revolt...The Real Sparticus

6.66 Describe the characteristics of slavery under the Romans and explain the slave revolt led by Spartacus.


6.67 Describe the origins and central features of Christianity. · monotheism · the belief in Jesus as the Messiah and God’s Son · the concept of resurrection · the concept of salvation · belief in the Old and New Testaments · the lives, teachings and contributions of Jesus and Paul · the relationship of early Christians to officials of the Roman Empire


The Life of Christ Animation...

Christianity in the Roman Empire - Reading Lesson for Kids...

The birth of Christianity is explored in a Common Core Standards based lesson designed for students. Mr.

The Real Story of Julius Caesar...

6.63 Describe the influence of Julius Caesar and Augustus in Rome’s transition from a republic to an empire and explain the reasons for the growth and long life of the Roman Empire.  · Military organization, tactics, and conquests and decentralized administration · the purpose and functions of taxes · the promotion of economic growth through the use of a standard currency, road construction, and the protection of trade routes · the benefits of a Pax Romana




History of Latin Language/Mocomi Kids...

Though Latin is considered a dead language, it is still spoken and taught by scholars and members of the church.

Latin and Its Indo-European Language Family...

Describes how Latin evolved into the Romance languages, also introduces Germanic and Slavic languages. Common Core Standards based lesson designed for students. Mr.

6.70 Explain the spread and influence of the Roman alphabet and the Latin language, the use of Latin as the language of education for more than 1,000 years, and the role of Latin and Greek in scientific and academic vocabulary.


Ancient Latin Alphabet (753-501 BCE)

  • 753 BCE is the traditionally accepted date of the founding of Rome.​

  • The Latin alphabet was adapted from the Etruscan alphabet during the 7th century BCE.

  • The earliest known inscription in the Latin alphabet dates from the 6th century BCE.

  • The inscription was found on a pin, which translates to "Manius made me for Numerius."

  • The Letters Y and Z were adopted from the Greek alphabet to write words having to do with loans.


Early Latin (250-100 BCE)

  • The first Latin literature was being written during this time. It was mostly loose translations of already written Greek works or imitations of established Greek genres.​

  • During this period the Romans were also busy conquering the Mediterranean world, disseminating the Latin language along the way.

  • This is how the Romans differed from the Greeks and Phoenicians and is why Latin and the Roman alphabet became the dominant language for centuries. While the Greeks and Phoenicians remained isolated from their neighboring regions, the Romans extended their citizenship to every part of Italy and then began conquering what was to become the Roman Empire, which included Greece and Phoenicia.


Classical Latin (100 BCE - 150 CE) 

  • Ovid, Virgil, Pliny the Elder, and Tacitus write masterpieces of Latin literature.​  

  • The literary language becomes fixed and gradually loses touch with the ever-changing spoken language, which is known today as Vulgar Latin.

  • To administrate the large Roman Empire numerous letters, laws, and decrees were sent out to every corner of Europe, Africa, and the near East.

  • Latin became the language of government, poetry, learning, and science for nearly 2,000 years and it is because of this it had an influence on the development of languages in modern times.


Fall of the Roman Empire History/Mocomi Kids

6.68 Analyze how internal and external forces caused the disintegration of the Roman Empire: including the rise of autonomous military powers, political corruption, economic and political instability, shrinking trade, invasions, and attacks by Germanic tribes.


"All Roads Lead to Rome..."

Built in the fourth century. BC, the Via Latina is the oldest street in Rome and connects the city of Rome to Campania through the valley of the Liri and Sacco, in the " valley Latin "between Lepini and Ernici, along which also Prenestina. (This picture shows a stretch of Via Latina near Cassino)

6.71 Compare and contrast the Roman gods and goddesses to the Greek gods and goddesses, including Jupiter, Mercury, Venus, Mars, Neptune, Saturn, Pluto, and Hera and their inclusion in modern society.
Primary Documents and Supporting Texts to Read: excerpts from Roman Literature, including Ovid’s Metamorphoses, excerpts from the Dead Sea Scrolls, The Essenes' Manual of Discipline, excerpts from Plutarch’s The Assassination of Julius Caesar, (44 BC), excerpts from Plutarch’s writings on Spartacus and Seneca’s descriptions of gladiators; excerpts from the New Testament... Items to view: art sculptures depicting Romulus and Remus, Ancient bust of Julius Caesar, discovered by French archaeologist divers scouring the bottom of the Rhône in the southern town of Arles, which Caesar founded in 46 B.C., digital collections of authentic ancient Roman Art and Architecture, including: the Colosseum, arches, arenas, aqueducts, baths, and bridges
6.62 Describe the government of the Roman Republic and its contribution to the development of democratic principles, including the rule of law (a written constitution), separation of powers, checks and balances, representative government, and civic duty.



A glimpse of Teenage Life in Ancient Rome...

Welcome to the world of Lucius Popidius Secundus, a 17-year old living in Rome in 73 AD. His life is a typical one of arranged marriages, coming-of-age festivals, and communal baths. Take a look at this exquisitely detailed lesson on life of a typical Roman teenager two thousand years ago.

Four Sisters in Ancient Rome...

How did the young, wealthy women of Ancient Rome spend their days? Meet Domitia and her sister Domitia and her sister Domitia and her sister Domitia. Ray Laurence sketches the domestic life of leisure that these young girls lived, despite little recorded information on women from this otherwise well-documented era.  Lesson ideas...

An Ancient Roman Engineering Miracle...Aquaducts

Find out how the Romans used their masterful engineering skills to build an aqueduct from Zaghouan to Carthage that stretched for 80 miles.

Legacy of Ancient Rome Rap...

7th Grade Medieval World History, Chapter 1: The Legacy of Ancient Rome, by Mr. Bloom

6.69 Describe the contribution of Roman civilization to law, literature, poetry, art, architecture, engineering, and technology. Include the significance of Coliseum, Circus Maximus, roads, bridges, arches, arenas, baths, aqueducts, central heating, plumbing, and sanitation.



The dissertation is intended to show whether it is possible for a Roman traveller to make a journey around the Roman world in the year C.E. 210, within 180 days, in a manner similar to that of Phileas Fogg, a character in Jules Verne’s novel Around the World in Eighty Days (1874). The Roman’s 180-day adventure to complete the journey within the set time incorporates logistics and itinerary on ancient roads, canals and sea voyages, and quotes Horace, Juvenal, Pausanias, Ovid and Strabo.



Eyewitness account of the murder of Caesar.



An eyewitness account by the historian Tacitus about the great fire of Rome and the Emperor Nero.




Lesson Overview:  A hands-on way to learn about the amazing wall paintings found in the villas of Pompeii.







Choose to be Emperor Tiberius or Fate and then be sure to make the right decisions.



Solve a murder mystery in Ancient Rome.



Put these pictures in order! In each picture there are people and food in Roman, Viking, Tudor, Victorian and the post-WWII times. Use the drop-down boxes to choose the right order - from the earliest to the most recent.



Dress a gladiator for battle in the Roman arena of death.

Your choice of weapons and armour will decide whether or not he is victorious.


~Comprehensive site on the History of Roman Gladiators




Who were the Romans? Why did they come to Britain and how did they change the lives of the people living here? You can use our resources to explore what happened when in Roman Britain, create some mosaic art and build your own Roman villa. You don't even need your own slaves to do it!


The Roman villa Torre Llauder  (Mataró, El Maresme) was built during the reign of the Emperor Augustus and went through significant transformations in later times. Most of the structures preserved can be dated  from Severan times (late 2nd-early 3rd c. AD) and the virtual reconstruction shown here is based upon these.


In November, Google launched  a 3D tour of Ancient Rome, circa 320 AD. The tour, produced with the help of the Rome Reborn project at the University of Virginia, features over 6,000 buildings, some rendered in fine detail, and it includes some interiors as well. The Colosseum, the Roman Forum, the Basilica Julia, the Temple of Vesta — they’re all there.



Vatican City, a sovereign country, is the smallest nation in the world and completely surrounded by Rome. It includes St. Peter’s Basilica, the largest church in the world at over six acres, and the Vatican Museums, with over 4.5 miles of corridors.  The historical seat of the Holy Roman Catholic Church.


A Roman Floor Mosaic
A Roman Floor Mosaic

A Roman floor mosaic dating to the 4th century CE and depicting Dionysos fighting Indians. Dionysos was a very popular subject in Roman mosaics. Provenance: Villa Ruffinella, Rome. (Palazzo Massimo, Rome).

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Bridge Alcantara
Bridge Alcantara

Roman Alcántara Bridge across the River Tajo, Cáceres Province, Extremadura, Spain.

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Romulus & Remus
Romulus & Remus

In Roman mythology the two demi-god brothers were credited with the founding of Rome in 753 BCE. The sculpture is traditionally dated to the 5th century BCE Etruscans but it may be later.

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A Roman Floor Mosaic
A Roman Floor Mosaic

A Roman floor mosaic dating to the 4th century CE and depicting Dionysos fighting Indians. Dionysos was a very popular subject in Roman mosaics. Provenance: Villa Ruffinella, Rome. (Palazzo Massimo, Rome).

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Four of the worst Roman emperors sing to find out who was the baddest - that's not bad meaning good, that's bad meaning bad, really, really bad.


The Roman Guards sworn to protect the emperors of Rome...