China, 400 A.D./C.E. – 1500s

 

Students analyze the geographic, political, economic, social, and religious structures of the civilizations.

 

Sankai Yochi Zenzu
Sankai Yochi Zenzu

An absorbing image of Sankai yochi zenzu. It was created in 1785. Scale ca. 1:27,000,000 at the equator. Wood block print, hand colored. Relief shown pictorially. Shows continents and oceans of the world at about 1600. Based on Matteo Ricci's World map which was published in China in 1602. Includes text. At head of text: Chikyū bankoku sankai yochi zenzu setsu.

Sixteen Kingdoms Maps
Sixteen Kingdoms Maps

The period of the Sixteen Kingdoms was from 304 AD to 439 AD. The northern territory of China was in chaos during this period. Continuous battles made it hard to develop in almost any field and populace suffered a lot.

Old Map of Asia
Old Map of Asia

An Old Map of Asia. It was created in 1680. Relief shown pictorially. Insets maps: Kamchadka to Korea to Indo-China; Beijing, China to Yellow Sea. Scale not given.

Sankai Yochi Zenzu
Sankai Yochi Zenzu

An absorbing image of Sankai yochi zenzu. It was created in 1785. Scale ca. 1:27,000,000 at the equator. Wood block print, hand colored. Relief shown pictorially. Shows continents and oceans of the world at about 1600. Based on Matteo Ricci's World map which was published in China in 1602. Includes text. At head of text: Chikyū bankoku sankai yochi zenzu setsu.

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ESSENTIAL QUESTIONS

REFLECTION

 

  • What are the major goals of dynasties?

  • How do conquests of nations from outside invaders effect dynasties?

  • In what ways have the relationships between Korea, China, and other Southeast Asian nations developed and changed over the years?

  • Why do major influences expand from one country to another?

QUOTATION

 

Chinese Proverbs

 

"To study and not think is a waste.  To think and not study is dangerous."  ~ Confucius

 

"Wouldst thou know if a people be well governed,
if its laws be good or bad,
examine the music it practices." 
- Confucius
(Chinese philosopher and teacher, 5th-6th century B.C.) 

ENDURING UNDERSTANDINGS STUDENTS WILL UNDERSTAND:

 

  • Compare and contrast the political, social, and cultural achievements of the Tang and Song Dynasties.

  • Disucss the effects of the Mongol conquest of China, and the subsequent rise of the Ming Dynasty.

  • Undersand the relationship between Korea and China and the cultural interaction between India, China, and other Southeast Asian countries.

  • Describe Chinese and Korean influence on early Japanese culture and the development of a feudal society in Japan.

7.19 Create a visual or multimedia display to identify the physical location and major geographical features of China including the Yangtze River, Yellow River, Himalayas, Plateau of Tibet, and the Gobi Desert.

 

 

CHINA MAP PROJECT

An introduction to the Geography of China

 

 

 

VOCABULARY

VOCABULARY:

  • tributary state

  • absentee landlord

  • clan

  • succession

  • refugee

  • hangul

  • tsunami

  • feudalism

  • shogun

  • diamyo

  • samurai

  • Buddhism

  • Confucianism

  • Daoism

  • Great Wall

  • gunpowder

  • Silk Road

  • Song Dynasty

  • Tang Dynasty

  • Yangtze River

  • Yellow River 

 

 

ONLINE TEXTBOOK

ONLINE LESSONS

Chinese Civilization:  The Tang Dynasty [618 -906 A.D] ....

7.20 Describe the reunification of China under the Tang Dynasty and reasons for the cultural diffusion of Buddhism.

 

The Tang Empire (618–907 AD) was the second largest and longest-enduring empire in the region after the Han Empire. The Tang Empire resembled the Western Han Empire (206 BC – 9 AD) in some ways such as the prominent role of trade with western countries and the way the empire began and ended.

Read more...

 

2,000 Years of chinese History!  The Mandate of Heaven and Confucius: Crash Course...

In which John introduces you to quite a lot of Chinese history by
discussing the complicated relationship between the Confucian scholars
who wrote Chinese history and the emperors (and empress) who made it.
Included is a brief introduction to all the dynasties in Chinese
history and an introduction to Confucius and the Confucian emphasis on
filial piety, the role the mandate of heaven played in organizing
China, and how China became the first modern state.

The Deadly Irony of Gunpowder...

In the mid-ninth century, Chinese chemists, hard at work on an immortality potion, instead invented gunpowder. They soon found that this highly inflammable powder was far from an elixir of life -- they put it to use in bombs against Mongol invaders, and the rest was history. Eric Rosado details how gunpowder has caused devastation around the world, despite the incandescent beauty of fireworks.  Lesson ideas...

History of Ancient Chinese Weaponry...

7.23 Trace the spread of Chinese technology to other parts of Asia, the Islamic world, and Europe including papermaking, wood-block printing, the compass and gunpowder.

 

The Political Development of Imperial China Rap...

A rap by Mr. Bloom covering Chapter 16 from History Alive: The Medieval World.

7.25 Engage effectively in a collaborative discussion describing the development of the imperial state and the scholar-official class (Neo-Confucianism).

 

The Life of Confucius Animation...

7.21 Analyze the role of kinship and Confucianism in maintaining order and hierarchy.

 

This lesson will explain the origins of Confucianism by highlighting the life and times of Master Kung, known today as Confucius. In doing so, it will focus on feudalism in China as well as the principle of jen.

 

Chinese Civilization:  The Song Dynasty [960 to 1279 AD] ...

7.22 Summarize the significance of the rapid agricultural, commercial, and technological development during the Song Dynasties.

 

 

Did you Know?

Water clocks had one major flaw: the water running through was subjected to variations in temperature, freeze and evaporating. Zhang Sixun, an engineer during China’s Song Dynasty, solved this dilemma using liquid mercury as the driving force in his clocks. Mercury stays in liquid form at temperatures as low as -39 degrees Celsius (-38.2 Fahrenheit). Zhang’s ingenious mercury clock could function smoothly throughout the year.

The Mongol Conquest...

7.24 Describe and locate the Mongol conquest of China including Genghis Khan, Kublai Khan.

 

 

 

  

READINGS

EMPRESS WU ZETIAN

 

Wu Zhao Zetian is known to be the ONLY female Emperor in fuedal China. Having usruped the throne from her own sons, she was elemental in the development of many technological an social advances through China in the 7th Century AD.

ACTIVITIES

Chinese Civilization:  The Ming Dynasty [1368-1644 A.D.] ...

7.26 Draw evidence from informational texts to analyze the contributions made during the Ming Dynasty such as building projects, including the Forbidden City and the reconstruction of the Great Wall , isolationism, and sea voyages.

 

LIONS, DRAGONS, AND NIAN:  ANIMALS OF THE CHINESE NEW YEAR

 

Lesson Plan:  The most important festival in the Chinese calendar is the New Year or Spring Festival. One of the annual events used to commemorate the festival is a colorful parade complete with animated dragon and lion figures. 

 

VIRTUAL FIELDTRIPS

VIRTUAL TOUR OF THE GREAT WALL OF CHINA

 

The Great Wall was key to protecting agriculture and resisting cavalry of the Huns and other warrior tribes from the north. The advantages of the enormous barrier diminished with the advancement of gunpowder and other weaponry.

CHINA VIRTUAL TOURS

 

Set a destination then explore the beauty of China and its long colorful history.

"The Analects" of Confucius...

HumorousMoment

BBC HORRIBLE HISTORIES CHINESE DYNASTIES

Chinese Dynasties "Vogue" by Madonna

A page from The Analects,The Analects, or Lunyu (simplified Chinese: 论语; traditional Chinese: 論語; pinyin: Lún Yǔ; literally: "Selected Sayings"), also known as the Analects of Confucius, is the collection of sayings and ideas attributed to the Chinese philosopher Confucius and his contemporaries, traditionally believed to have been written by Confucius' followers. It is believed to have been written during the Warring States period (475 BC–221 BC), and it achieved its final form during the mid-Han dynasty(206 BC–220 AD).

Primary Documents and Supporting Texts to Read: excerpts from The Analects, Confucius