Development of a New Nation (1720-1787)

 

Students will understand the major events preceding the founding of the nation and relate their significance to the development of American Republic.

 

 

ESSENTIAL QUESTIONS

REFLECTION

 

 

  • What causes disagreements?

  • What events brought the colonies together as a nation?

  • Explain the role of events that led to declaring independence (e.g., French and Indian War, Stamp Act, Boston Tea Party).

  • Analyze arguments both for and against declaring independence using primary sources from Loyalist and patriot perspectives.

  • Explain the content and purpose for the Declaration of Independence.

  • Why is independence important to you?

  • What factors contribute to war?

  • Which side of the independence issue would you have been on if you had lived in the American colonies? Why?

  • How did the Revolutionary War impact the colonies ability to rule themselves?

  • Does change only come through compromise?

  • Can an individual person make a difference?

  • Did the movement toward revolution cause the Declaration of Independence to be written?

  • Did Great Britain lose more than it gained from its victory in the French and Indian War?

  • Were the colonists justified in resisting British policies after the French and Indian War?

  • Was the American War for Independence inevitable?

  • Would you have been a revolutionary in 1776?

  • Did the Declaration of Independence establish the foundation of American government?

  • Was the American Revolution a “radical” revolution?

VOCABULARY

VOCABULARY:

 

  • Parliament:  Group of people that makes the laws in Great Britain

  • Repealed:  Threw out, cancelled

  • Boycott:  To stop buying or using something for political reasons

  • Import:  To use ships to bring goods into a country

  • Patriots:  People who lived in the colonies and fought against British rule

  • Militias:  Armies made up of ordinary people who are not paid to be soldiers.

  • Representatives:  Members of government, usually ones that were chosen by a vote, to act on behalf of others

  • Sons of Liberty:  Colonists who protested the actions of the British leaders

  • Redcoat:  A British soldier, so-called because of his red uniform

  • Protested:  Objected or fought against something

  • Delegates:  People who are sent to a meeting to speak for a larger group of people

  • Loyalists:  People who supported the British government during the American Revolution

 

ONLINE LESSONs

 

 

 

INTERACTIVE LESSONs

QUOTATIONs

by Geoge Washington

 

  • "Labour to keep alive in your breast that little spark of celestial fire, called conscience." - 110 Rules of Civility and Decent Behavior in Company and Conversation, 1737

  • "Nothing is a greater stranger to my breast, or a sin that my soul more abhors, than that black and detestable one, ingratitude." - Letter to Governor Dinwiddie, May 29, 1754

  • "By the all-powerful dispensations of Providence, I have been protected beyond all human probability and expectation; for I had four bullets through my coat, and two horses shot under me, yet escaped unhurt, altho' death was levelling my companions on every side." - Letter to John A. Washington, July 18, 1755

  • "To be prepared for war is one of the most effectual means of preserving peace." - First Annual Address to Congress, January 8, 1790

  • "All see, and most admire, the glare which hovers round the external trappings of elevated office. To me there is nothing in it, beyond the lustre which may be reflected from its connection with a power of promoting human felicity." - Letter to Catherine Macaulay Graham, January 9, 1790

ENDURING UNDERSTANDINGS STUDENTS WILL UNDERSTAND:

 

  • The seat of power in a government must be balanced to insure that government is effective at managing the affairs of the country without being abusive.

  • In a democratic society, all citizens have rights and responsibilities.

  • Key events led to self-government in the colonies.

  • Change comes through revolution.

  • Progress often comes at a price – the extent of which allows history to judge its success.

  • Independence was important to the American colonies.

  • Individuals, even outside of the elected leaders can have a profound impact on history.

  • Students will understand the chronology and significance of key events leading to self-government.

  • Students will understand the causes, course, and consequences of the American Revolution. 

KEY LINKS ON DEVELOPMENT OF NEW NATION

 

Summary...

Conflict between the 13 colonies and Great Britain began after Britain defeated France and its Indian allies in the French and Indian War. Burdened with war debt, the British Parliament tried raising revenue by passing a number of acts imposing taxes on the 13 colonies. Angered by taxes, the colonists protested. Peaceful protest turned violent and the British government reacted by passing harsh laws and levying more taxes. Tensions increased until the colonists and the British engaged in battle at Lexington and Concord in 1775. These battles marked the start of the American Revolution. On July 4, 1776, the Continental Congress approved the Declaration of Independence.

 

The Declaration clearly spelled out the reasons the colonies wanted their freedom and independence. The document charged that King George III had violated the colonists' natural rights. The Revolutionary War became a war fought to protect and expand the ideas of natural rights and self-government that were drawn from Enlightenment thinkers. The American troops fought British troops for seven years. When the war ended in 1781, the victorious Americans had won their freedom and now faced the task of building a new nation.  Read more...

Development of American Law After the American Revolution....

8.15 Compare the government structures and economic base and cultural traditions of New France and the English colonies.

 

Singing History:  "American Revolution"....

Video by: Rebecca Sager and Chelsea Coulon
Song by: Tom Wolff

8.16 Explain how the practice of salutary neglect, experience with self-government, and wide spread ownership of land fostered individualism and contributed to the American Revolution.

 

Benjamin Franklin's Scientific contributions...."

8.17 Evaluate the contributions of Benjamin Franklin to American society in the areas of science, writing and literature, and politics, including analysis of excerpts from Poor Richard’s Almanack, The Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin, the Albany Plan of Union and the Join or Die cartoon.

 

The French and Indian War..."

PBS The War that Made America...The French and Indian War.

8.19 Describe the causes, course, and outcome of the French and Indian War, including the massacre at Fort Loudoun.

 

FOCUS QUESTIONS:

How did the French and Indian War contribute to the American Revolution?

 

  • Among the many causes of the American Revolution was an unexpected outcome of the French and Indian war that led to British taxation of the colonies without representation. Along with that were the many stimulating political ideas that led people to desire freedom and change.

  • The French and Indian War (also known as The Seven Years’ War) occurred between 1754-1763 and became a large scale conflict involving most of the major European nations at the time. The war was fought over several reasons including desires by many sides, mainly the British and the French, to be a colonial superpower. In North America the French and British were battling in a part of this war that became known as the French and Indian War. France had a lot of settlements in North America and the British were using their American colonies along with any native allies they could find to try and keep the French out of North America and also put down any of France’s native allies. The British won the war and took control of France’s colonies effectively making them the sole major European influence in the area.

 

 

Stories of Enemy Atrocities, Letters From the Front and Battle-Field Reports Gave Readers a Running Account Of the Fight For a Continent.

 

 

The French and Indian War Explained:  U.S. History Review...

HipHughes strips down the French and Indian War to its bare bones exposing the foundations of the future United States of America. Learn how George Washington got his ass kicked twice, where the word cajun comes from and why Pittsburgh was once part of the French frontier.

"Unexpected Verdict:  The Trial of John Peter Zenger...."

North Carolina student Richard Hernasy of St. Dominic Savio Home School placed fifth in the nation at the National History Day 2013 competition for this junior individual documentary, "Unexpected Verdict: The Trial of John Peter Zenger."

8.18 Describe the impact of the John Peter Zenger trial on the development of the principle of a free press.

 

Daniel Boone's Wilderness Road...

Forbidding mountains were no match for Daniel Boone. When he was hired by a wealthy businessman to forge a trail through the Cumberland Gap, he emerged on the other side of the mountain two weeks later.

8.20 Explain the impact of individuals who created interest in the land west of the Appalachian Mountains, including:  

 

 

 

Crash Course:  Who Won the American Revolution?...

In which John Green teaches you about the American Revolution. And the Revolutionary War. I know we've labored the point here, but they weren't the same thing. In any case, John will teach you about the major battles of the war, and discuss the strategies on both sides. Everyone is familiar with how this war played out for the Founding Fathers; they got to become the Founding Fathers. But what did the revolution mean to the common people in the United States? For white, property-owning males, it was pretty sweet. They gained rights that were a definite step up from being British Colonial citizens.

 

For everyone else, the short-term gains were not clear. Women's rights were unaffected, and slaves remained in slavery. As for poor white folks, they remained poor and disenfranchised. The reality is it took a long time for this whole democracy thing to get underway, and the principles of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness weren't immediately available to all these newly minted Americans.

The Boston Tea Party...

Before the Revolutionary War, American colonists were taxed heavily for importing tea from Britain. The colonists, not fans of "taxation without representation", reacted by dumping tea into the Boston Harbor, a night now known as the Boston Tea Party. Ben Labaree gets into the nitty-gritty of that famous revolutionary act. Lesson ideas...

 

READINGS
8.21 Summarize the major events of the Watauga Settlement, including:

 

RESEARCH LINKS

 

 

  

Inventing the American Presidency...

RARE PHOTOS OF VETERANS OF THE REVOLUTIONARY WAR

 

"History Lives In The Persons Who Create It."  Read more of "the Last Men of the Revolution."

LISTEN TO THE MUSIC OF EARLY AMERICA

 

Every period in a country's history has its own popular music. It was no less true of America 250 years ago than it is today.

BENEDICT ARNOLD'S LETTER TO THE INHABITANTS OF AMERICA

 

 

As reported in The London Chronicle of November 11-14, 1780

 

After Benedict Arnold betrayed his country and donned the uniform of a British officer, he wrote a letter in an attempt to vindicate his actions. In an address entitled A Letter To The Inhabitants of America, Arnold sought to defend his conduct, and urged others in America to follow his example.​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​​

 

When the founders of the United States gathered to create the foundations of the country, they decided on three branches of government, with a president central to the executive branch. Kenneth C. Davis explains why this decision was not necessarily inevitable and what variables were up for debate.  Lesson ideas...

ACTIVITIES

An Idiot's Guide to the Declaration of Independence...

First, you are not an idiot. The biggest concept lecture ever in the history of simple explanations. HipHughes glides through a brief explanation of the Dec. of Independence so you can get through that next dinner party. 

8.23 Determine the central ideas expressed in the Declaration of Independence and write an expository piece in which the legacy of these ideas in today’s world is described and validated with supporting evidence from the text.

 

 

RESEARCH LINKS

 

From Bunker Hill to Yorktown:  the American War of Independence...

8.25 Identify and explain the significance of the major battles, leaders, and events of the American Revolution, including:
 
Interactive on the American Revolution
Interactive on the Battle Tactics of the American Revolution
Interactive on the Timeline of the American Revolution
Interactive on Events Concerning the Birth of the United States of America

 

 

THE MASSACRE GAME

 

Experience the excitement and dangers of the Boston Massacre first hand.

 

 

THE BOSTON "MASSACRE"

Become a Historical Scene Investigator on this case...

THE BATTLE OF LEXINGTON AND CONCORD

 

Become a Historical Scene Investigator on this case...

GEORGE WASHINGTON'S SECRET CODE

 

How good are you at codes? This is one that Washington probably used during the American Revolution to safeguard his messages.

DESIGN YOUR OWN BILL

 

An interactive currency design activity.

THE PATRIOT SPY

 

Sneak past enemy soldiers and deliver a letter to Paul Revere..

VIRTUAL FIELDTRIPS

THOMAS JEFFERSON'S MONTICELLO

 

Spend time exploring the beautiful grounds of Monticello and get an intimate look at Thomas Jefferson.

FILMS OF FAMOUS MOMENTS IN EARLY AMERICAN HISTORY

 

Each film in the 'Famous Moments' series highlights a true story of historical significance, providing 'students' of early America with a better understanding of the people, places and events of this important era.

HumorousMoment

GEORGE WASHINGTON VS. KING GEORGE III

King George III vs George Washington in a rap battle.

8.27 Compare the points of views of the Loyalists and Patriots by integrating visual information through charts, graphs, or images with print texts.

 

Lesson Plan:  Religion and the Argument for American Independence

 

Using primary documents, this lesson aims to introduce students to how the American revolutionaries employed religion in their arguments for independence.

 

READ MORE

Primary Documents and Supporting Texts to Read: excerpts from “Give Me Liberty or Give Me Death” speech, Patrick Henry; The Declaration of Independence; excerpts from “Common Sense” and “The Crisis,” Thomas Paine; Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin
 
Published in 1776, Common Sense challenged the authority of the British government and the royal monarchy. The plain language that Paine used spoke to the common people of America and was the first work to openly ask for independence from Great Britain.
 
 
Primary Documents and Supporting Texts to Consider: excerpts from Andrew Hamilton’s closing argument in the trial of John Peter Zenger; excerpts from John Donelson’s journal
 
DATABASES

TEL

 

Free Access to great resources for Tennesseans

 

DISCOVERY ATLAS INTERACTIVE MAP

Select a location and experience the culture, government, history and natural of countries around the world.   

 

A MOMENT IN TIME

 

Take a journey around the world today to see "a moment in time"...

 

HISTORY PRIMARY SOURCE READER

 

Excerpts from many of the primary sources highlighted in the Common Core Curriculum.

 

 

FOOD TIMELINE

Food history presents a fascinating buffet of popular lore and contradictory facts.

 

INTERNET ANCIENT HISTORY SOURCEBOOK

 

The Internet Ancient History Sourcebook has expanded greatly since its creation, and now contains hundred of local files as well as links to source texts throughout the net.  

 

LIBRARY OF CONGRESS

 

The Library of Congress is the nation's oldest federal cultural institution and serves as the research arm of Congress. It is also the largest library in the world, with millions of books, recordings, photographs, maps and manuscripts in its collections.

 

WORLD ATLAS

 

Comprehensive facts about regions around the world.

 

WORLDOLOGY

The changing face of Europe over the centuries...

 

BEST HISTORY SITES

 

Comprehensive resources and lesson plans for teaching history.

 

DIGITAL HISTORY

 

Using new technologies to enhance teaching and research.

 

LOC TEACHING WITH PRIMARY SOURCES

 

Use digital historical sources to explore different topics online with fun interactive teacher-created activities. Choose from various activities to get started.

 

SMITHSONIAN ENCYCLOPEDIA

Encyclopedia Smithsonian: Online Resources from A to Z

 

 

 

APPS
WHY LEARN HISTORY?

KIDS DISCOVER APPS

 

Print 28 pages of free lesson plans and activities based on the apps on the CMS LMC iPads.

WHY STUDY CLASSICS?

 

Why Study Classics?  Advantages of Classical Studies

EXPLORING ANCIENT WORLD CULTURES

 

Why Study Ancient World Cultures? An Essay by Bill Hemminger

CONTACTS

3635 Georgetown Road, NW,

Cleveland, TN  37312

Tel: 423-479-9641
Fax: 423-456-7890

 

Mail: gdyrek@clevelandschools.org

 

  • w-facebook
  • Twitter Clean
  • w-googleplus

THE NATIONAL ARCHIVES EXPERIENCE DIGITAL VAULTS

 

Use the assets in these collections to create your own poster or movie.

ONLINE TEXTBOOKS

 

Covering Ancient History

TODAY IN HISTORY

 

A chronological timetable of historical events that occurred on this day in history. Historical facts of the day in the areas of military, politics, science, music, sports, arts, entertainment and more. Discover what happened today in history.

iCIVICS

 

Free lesson plans and games for learning Civics.

WHY DO CIVILIZATIONS FAIL?

Why do great civilizations fall? The history of humankind has been marked by patterns of growth and decline. Some declines have been gradual, occurring over centuries. Others have been rapid, occurring over the course of a few years. War, drought, natural disaster, disease, overpopulation, economic disruption: any of these or a combination of these events can bring about the collapse of a civilization.

 

COMMON CORE LITERACY IN SOCIAL STUDIES/HISTORY LESSONS

 

Achieve the CORE by using these lessons to incorporate literacy into your teaching.

PBS NEWS HOUR FOR STUDENTS

 

Current Events explored in-depth with lesson plans.

© 2014-2019 BY G.M. Dyrek CMS LMC

Revolutionary War Carolinas, 1775

map of North and South Carolina, with their Indian frontier, shewing in a distinct manner all the mountains, rivers, swamps, marshes, bays, creeks, harbours, sandbanks and soundings on the coasts; with the roads and Indian paths; as well as the boundary or provincial lines, the several townships, and other divisions of the land in both the provinces; the whole from actual surveys by Henry Mouzon and others.