Growth of the Young Nation (1789-1849)
Students analyze the aspirations and ideals of the people of the new nation.
Should presidents’ appointees to the Supreme Court reflect their policies?
Did the Supreme Court under John Marshall give too much power to the federal government (at the expense of the states)?
Whose ideas were best for the new nation, Hamilton’s or Jefferson’s?
Should the United States seek alliances with other nations?
Should the political opposition have the right to criticize a president’s foreign policy?
Is the suppression of public opinion during times of crisis ever justified?
Should we expect elections to bring about revolutionary changes? (election of 1800)
National Archives: Expansion and Reform [1801-1868]
ENDURING UNDERSTANDINGS STUDENTS WILL UNDERSTAND:
Students will understand that the early half of the 19th century was a time of incredible change for the United States.
Under its new constitution, the United States grew stronger at home while striving to take its place in the world at large.
KEY LINKS ON GROWTH OF A YOUNG NATION
George Washington took office as the first President of the United States. He oversaw the creation of new federal departments and asked Alexander Hamilton to serve as secretary of the treasury. Soon two political parties began to take shape—the Federalists and the Republicans. Under Washington, the United States dealt with challenges from Native Americans in the Northwest Territory and from the British navy at sea. Later, political divisions grew bitter during the presidency of John Adams, as he struggled to keep peace with France.
The election of Thomas Jefferson to the presidency in 1800 marked the end of the Federalist era. Jefferson hoped to limit the federal government's power over the states and over the economy. Yet, he took the opportunity to double the size of United States by purchasing the Louisiana Territory from France. Then, Jefferson sent an expedition led by Meriwether Lewis and William Clark to explore this vast region. During Jefferson's presidency, disputes with Britain and with Native Americans in western territories continued. In 1812, conflicts with Great Britain and the Native Americans led to war. Although the War of 1812 did not resolve British-American disputes, many Americans considered the war a victory. Read more...
Washington Irving's Rip Van Winkle and Legend of Sleepy Hollow: Summary and Analysis......
8.38 Describe daily life — including traditions in art, music, and literature — of early national America by examining excerpts from the stories of Washington Irving and James Fenimore Cooper.
Setting up a New Government...
In this program examines some of the practices of government in the United States during the period 1789-1792 by focusing on the extension, restriction, and reorganization of American political democracy. The program also looks at technological change and how it affected American industrialization, divisions between North and South, and relations with foreign powers.
8.40 Analyze the role played by John Marshall in strengthening the central government, including the key decisions of the Supreme Court - Marbury v. Madison, Gibbons v. Ogden, and McCulloch v. Maryland.
The True Story of Sacajawea...
In the early 19th century, a young Agaidika teenager named Sacajawea was enlisted by explorers Meriwether Lewis and William Clark to aid her husband Toussaint Charbonneau as a guide to the Western United States. Karen Mensing debunks some of the myths that surround the familiar image of the heroic woman with a baby strapped to her back and a vast knowledge of the American wilderness. Lesson ideas...
8.42 Analyze the impact of the Lewis and Clark Expedition by identifying the routes on a map, citing evidence from their journals.
How Inventions Change History [for Better or for Worse]...
Invented in 1793, the cotton gin changed history for good and bad. By allowing one field hand to do the work of 10, it powered a new industry that brought wealth and power to the American South -- but, tragically, it also multiplied and prolonged the use of slave labor. Kenneth C. Davis lauds innovation, while warning us of unintended consequences.
Lesson by Kenneth C. Davis
8.39 Identify the leaders and events and analyze the impact of western expansion to the development of Tennessee statehood, including:
Crash Course: Thomas Jeffereson...
In which John Green teaches you about founding father and third president of the United States, Thomas Jefferson. Jefferson is a somewhat controversial figure in American history, largely because he, like pretty much all humans, was a big bundle of contradictions. Jefferson was a slave-owner who couldn't decide if he liked slavery. He advocated for small government, but expanded federal power more than either of his presidential predecessor.
He also idealized the independent farmer and demonized manufacturing, but put policies in place that would expand industrial production in the US. Controversy may ensue as we try to deviate a bit from the standard hagiography/slander story that usually told about old TJ. John explores Jefferson's election, his policies, and some of the new nation's (literally and figuratively) formative events that took place during Jefferson's presidency. In addition to all this, Napoleon drops in to sell Louisiana, John Marshall sets the course of the Supreme Court, and John Adams gets called a tiny tyrant.
The Election of 1800 Explained [Jefferson vs. Adams vs. Burr]
HipHughes goes old school style on the Election of 1800, explaining the basics on one of the most contested, dirty, controversial elections this side of 2000.
8.41 Explain the major events of Thomas Jefferson’s presidency, including his election in 1800, Louisiana Purchase, the defeat of the Barbary pirates, and the Embargo Act.
Schoolhouse Rock - Elbow Room - Manifest Destiny...
The Historical Audacity of the Louisiana Purchase...
When the French offered up the Louisiana Territory, Thomas Jefferson knew this real estate deal was too good to pass up. How did the President justify the purchase that doubled the size of the United States? Judy Walton provides President Jefferson's reasoning with a lesson.
Marbury vs. Madison Explained: US History Review..
A super fun exploration of one of the nation's most important judicial decisions, Marbury vs Madison. In this video we explore the roots of Judicial Review, the facts of the case and the judicial rational.
Primary Documents and Supporting Texts to Read: excerpts from the journals of Lewis and Clark; excerpts from decision in Marbury vs. Madison, John Marshall
Excerpts from the Journals of Lewis and Clark
Excerpts from decision in Marbury vs. Madison PBS and Our Documents Marbury vs. Madison 
Primary Documents and Supporting Texts to Consider: excerpts from John Marshall’s decisions in Gibbons v. Ogden and McCulloch v. Maryland; “Rip Van Winkle” and “The Legend of Sleepy Hollow”, Washington Irving; excerpts from The Deerslayer series, James Fenimore Cooper
"Rip Van Winkle" and "The Legend of Sleepy Hollow" by Washington Irving
Excerpts from the Deerslayer series by James Fenimore Cooper
Wild rivers. Rugged mountains. An unknown continent to explore. This great American expedition will face them all. And they need your help on this incredible adventure.
Encamped in uncharted territory, Lewis and Clark surely wondered what lay beyond the crackle and hiss of each night's campfire - and what lay ahead. Gather round the flames for National Geographic tales of this historic high adventure.
Philipsburg Manor, located in Sleepy Hollow, NY, was the home of Frederick Philipse, the richest man in New York during the 1700s. Today, visitors can come to the manor to experience what life was like on a working manor during colonial times.
THE LOUISIANA PURCHASE IN A NUTSHELL
A fast and fun look at the Louisiana Purchase, Sacajewea, Thomas Jefferson, Lewis and Clark. This is one of many pieces produced by HCPS-TV at Henrico County Schools.