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The United States’ Role on the World Stage (1789-1849)


Students analyze United States foreign policy in the early Republic.



U.S. Capitol in 1815
U.S. Capitol in 1815

An inspiring chart of Map exhibiting the property of the U.S. in the vicinity of the Capitol : colored red, with the manner in which it is proposed to lay off the same in building lots, as described in the report to the Sup't of the city to which this is annexed / BHLatrobe, one of the surveyors of the city of Washington, Dec. 3d 1815.

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1700s World Map
1700s World Map

An artistic map of the World from the best authorities. It was taken in 1795. World maps. World. Scale 1:80,000,000.

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Central Europe, 1792
Central Europe, 1792

An historic map of Cercle d'Autriche, 1792. Scale [ca. 1:2,400,000].

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U.S. Capitol in 1815
U.S. Capitol in 1815

An inspiring chart of Map exhibiting the property of the U.S. in the vicinity of the Capitol : colored red, with the manner in which it is proposed to lay off the same in building lots, as described in the report to the Sup't of the city to which this is annexed / BHLatrobe, one of the surveyors of the city of Washington, Dec. 3d 1815.

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  • Is economic coercion an effective method of achieving our national interest in world affairs?

  • Should the United States fight to preserve the right of its citizens to travel and trade overseas?

  • Does war cause national prosperity?

  • Was the Monroe Doctrine a policy of expansion or self-defense? Or: Was the Monroe Doctrine a “disguise” for American imperialism?



"When your time comes to die, be not like those whose hearts are filled with fear of death, so that when their time comes they weep and pray for a little more time to live their lives over again in a different way. Sing your death song, and die like a hero going home."  


"When you rise in the morning, give thanks for the light, for your life, for your strength. Give thanks for your food and for the joy of living. If you see no reason to give thanks, the fault lies in yourself."  ~Tecumseh




  • laissez faire

  • expedition

  • continental divide

  • tribute

  • embargo

  • smuggle

  • nationalism

  • war hawk

  • blockade

  • secede







  • All nations must adapt to both domestic and foreign challenges if those countries are to endure.

  • Citizens participate in the US government through political parties that have their own platforms to solve problems.




After the War of 1812, America entered a new period of national pride and identity. Yet, economic and cultural differences among the North, the South, and the West emerged, causing some conflict. On the international scene, a confident United States challenged European interest in the Americas by issuing the Monroe Doctrine. At the same time, democracy in the United States was on the rise as more adult white males could vote and hold office. Yet, women, African Americans, and Native Americas were excluded from suffrage and from political life.


In 1824, Andrew Jackson became President, supported by those who saw him as the "People's President." As President, Jackson was a controversial figure, defying a Supreme Court ruling by ordering the forced removal of Native American nations from the Southeast. Jackson opposed the nullification of federal laws by states during the tariff crisis, and successfully blocked renewing the charter of the second Bank of the United States. Industrial Revolution brought great changes to the way in which people lived and worked. Inventions that mechanized the textile industry made factory work the most efficient way to spin thread and weave cloth. In the United States, most textile factories opened in the North, while the South's economy relied on agriculture. The invention of the cotton gin increased the South's dependence on the labor of enslaved African Americans. At the same time, settlers were moving west. Debates raged in Congress over the spread of slavery to the western territories. These debates heightened tensions between the North and the South.  Read more...

Crash Course:  Age of Jackson

In which John Green teaches you about the presidency of Andrew Jackson So how did a president with astoundingly bad fiscal policies end up on the $20 bill? That's a question we can't answer, but we can tell you how Jackson got to be president, and how he changed the country when he got the job. Jackson's election was more democratic than any previous presidential election. More people were able to vote, and they picked a doozie. Jackson was a well-known war hero, and he was elected over his longtime political enemy, John Quincy Adams.


Once Jackson was in office, he did more to expand executive power than any of the previous occupants of the White House. He used armed troops to collect taxes, refused to enforce legislation and supreme court legislation, and hired and fired his staff based on support in elections. He was also the first president to regularly wield the presidential veto as a political tool. Was he a good president? Watch this video and draw your own conclusions.

The War of 1812: U.S. History Review...

HipHughes walks you through the basics of the first declared war in US History, the War of 1812. 

8.43 Explain the causes, course, and consequences of the War of 1812, including the major battles, leaders, events and role of Tennessee:  


Lesson Plan:  President Madison's 1812 War Message


On June 1, 1812, President Madison sent a letter—later dubbed his war message—to both houses of Congress. In it, he listed a series of transgressions Great Britain had committed against the U.S. He also explained his decision not to recommend war with France at that time. EDSITEment resources offer primary documents that illuminate key points in President Madison's War Message. Help your students understand the reasons the president gave for going to war, while heightening their appreciation of the value of archival sources.




8.44 Identify on a map the changing boundaries of the United States, including the Convention of 1818 and Adams-Onis Treaty.





Lesson Overview: These lessons involve active role-play of the key players in the Walla Walla treaty negotiations. Students go beyond mere reenactment of facts and speeches, however, to analyze the goals of the tribes and the U.S. government, to evaluate bias, and to emotionally connect with what was gained and lost during this pivotal time. 




The Discriminating General presents History in your Hands!

Tecumseh's Curse...

My Native American Gangster Hero.

The Monroe Doctrine - A Brief Explanation...

HipHughes explains the 1823 Foreign policy doctrine of James Monroe. Dog piss in the hood? Yeah, you heard me. 
First, you are not an idiot. The biggest concept lecture ever in the history of simple explanations. HipHughes glides through a brief explanation of the Monroe Doctrine so you can get through that next dinner party. 

8.45 Analyze the relationship the United States had with Europe, including the influence of the Monroe Doctrine


Primary Documents and Supporting Texts to Read: excerpts from The Monroe Doctrine

Compare and contrast the different perspectives expressed in the lyrics of of these two songs...


According to military historian Donald Graves this song dates to the War of 1812. 


Fun pictures to accompany Johnny Horton's song.

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